What Was the Result of the Good Friday Agreement

In 2010, the signing of the Hillsborough Agreement allowed for the transfer of police and judicial powers to the Northern Ireland Assembly, which began later that year. It also included an agreement on the controversial parades that had led to ongoing conflicts between communities. On 9 January 2020, the UK and Irish governments proposed to northern Ireland`s political parties the agreement on a new decade and a new approach, which provides for a balanced package to make politics and government in Northern Ireland more transparent, accountable, stable, inclusive and effective. The agreement establishes a framework for the establishment and number of institutions in three “policy areas”. In May/June 1999, the Commission conducted an opinion poll to understand public attitudes towards policing in Northern Ireland. The Commission also visited various locations, including several locations, including the United Kingdom, South Africa, Spain and the United States. On 9 September 1999, the Northern Ireland Independent Police Commission presented its report and made recommendations on issues related to human rights, accountability, community policing, police structure, size of the police service, composition of the police service and other matters. The Commission made 175 recommendations.1 Trade union policy responses to the report and its recommendations were not positive.2 “Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland,” BBC News, accessed January 29, 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/commissi. On 10 April 1998, an agreement was reached to end the problems of Northern Ireland, known as the Good Friday Agreement. Here, historian Alan MacLeod examines the long road of the peace process, which sought to reconcile two different traditions in Ireland – and examines the legacy of the agreement.

In 2000, the Department of Education established comhairle na Gaelscolaíochta (CnaG), a representative body of Irish secondary education. According to the CnaG, in 2012 there were around 90 Irish-language schools at pre-school, primary and post-primary levels, providing Irish middle school to nearly 5,000 children.1 There appears to be steady progress in promoting Irish middle school. Before the agreement, fewer than 500 pupils were enrolled in Irish-language schools. Referendums were held in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, people were asked, “Do you support the agreement reached in the multi-party talks on Northern Ireland and set out in Command Document 3883?” Turnout in the referendum was 81.1%, of which 71.1% supported the agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, people were asked, “Do you agree with the proposed amendment to the Constitution contained in the bill mentioned below, nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution Act 1998?” Turnout in the referendum was 55.6%, of which 94.4% supported the proposed constitutional amendment.1 Under the proposed agreement, the government issued a number of financial and other commitments, as did the British government. The Irish government`s commitments include working with the North-South Ministerial Council to implement projects that benefit people across the island, including improving connectivity in the north and south and investing in the North West region and border communities. The vague wording of some of the provisions, described as “constructive ambiguity”[8], helped to ensure acceptance of the agreement and postponed debate on some of the most contentious issues. These include paramilitary dismantling, police reform and the standardisation of Northern Ireland. On 11 January 2020, based on the new decade, the agreement on the new approach, the executive and the assembly were reinstated with the participation of the five main political parties in Northern Ireland. The agreement provided for the transfer of authority over certain policy areas from the British Parliament to a newly created assembly in Belfast, paving the way for paramilitary groups to give up their weapons and join the political process. It has contributed to a sharp decline in violence, and the annual death toll, which peaked at 480 in 1972, has fallen to one figure in recent years.

The old text contains only four articles; It is this short text that is the legal agreement, but it contains in its annexes the latter agreement. [7] Technically, this envisaged agreement can be distinguished as a multi-party agreement as opposed to the Belfast Agreement itself. [7] In April 1916, the Easter Rising shook Dublin when a group of Irish nationalists proclaimed the establishment of an Irish republic and clashed with British troops in the capital.[7] The uprising, which resulted in the loss of 450 lives and destroyed much of central Dublin, was put to an end by the British within a week. However, the mood of the public changed decisively when the 15 leaders of the uprising were executed by British authorities in May 1916. Executions and the imposition of martial law fueled public resentment against the British. The next five turbulent years, including the Irish War of Independence (1919-21), led to the end of British rule in most parts of Ireland. The principle of power-sharing was incorporated into the Good Friday Agreement in 1998. The DÕHondt method of proportional representation has been used to ensure that the unionist (mainly Protestant) and nationalist (mainly Catholic) communities participate in government in relation to the seats they win in the new Northern Ireland Assembly. The members of the assembly were elected with a single transferable vote. If the main parties did not reach an agreement on power-sharing, power would return to London, a situation that neither side wanted. The agreement came after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises. Many people have made a great contribution.

Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were at the time leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. The talks were led by US Special Envoy George Mitchell. [3] A copy of the agreement was sent to each chamber in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland for reading before a referendum was held at a time when they could vote on it. 1. Participants recognize that policing is a central issue in any society. They also recognise that the history of deep divisions in Northern Ireland has made it very moving, with major injuries and sacrifices suffered by many individuals and their families, including those of the RUC and other civil servants. They believe the agreement offers the possibility of a fresh start for policing in Northern Ireland with a police service capable of receiving and maintaining support from the community as a whole. They also believe that this agreement offers a unique opportunity to create a new political dispensation that recognises the full and equal legitimacy and value of the identities, loyalty and ethics of all parts of the community in Northern Ireland. They consider that this possibility should influence and support the development of a representative of the police service as regards the composition of the Community as a whole, which should be systematically disarmed in a peaceful environment. .